The Dept. of Landscape Architecture was called “The Dept. of Landscape and Gardening”, authorized by the Ministry of Education and established in 1981. It belonged to the College of Agriculture and was the first undergraduate program in Taiwan that promote landscape and architecture education, and nurture professionals in this field. In order to make landscape development known to the public, categorized by one of the specialized domains, met the needs of professional trends and practical purposes so that students can work as professionals and practice what they learn, the name was changed to—The Dept. of Landscape Architecture in 1994, and the graduate institute began its enrollment in the year 2002.
We have enrolled for 21 years, and each class for a year until now. Under the efforts of the first, second chairman, Dr. 吳梓 , Dr. 董美貞 and the present dean Dr. 郭瓊瑩 , we have fostered about 1800 students, working in various academic, administrative institutions and practice offices. With the collaboration of all of our faculty members and students, our department is doing better and better, and establishing higher academic prestige.
II. Academic Goal:
Besides being devoted to foster students' consciousness of the environment and professional skills, the establishment of our graduate institute will greatly combine our academic research and practical training so that we can maintain our leading position in the domestic academic field.
Our faculty members have long hold the spirits of participating in academic research. We not only do our own researches actively but also work closely with government divisions, local institutions and the third division, helping them draw up and review relative policies and improve the local, community environment. Through different seminars and short-term trainings, we hope to make the experiences pass on and academic exchange possible.
III . Academic Feature:
1. Our main goals are as follows:
(1) By the integration of natural resources, ecological environment and landscape planning, we design specialized courses and techniques and make it a systematic science.
(2) Enhance the analysis and research of human and science resources as well as the profoundness and scope of planning.
(3) Extend the cooperation and academic exchange of our department and other relative departments, lay the foundation of the ability of solving environment problems and other communicative, integrative capability.
The word “landscape” is a specialized term, which widely applies to science human and art field. It has the responsibilities of overall planning, research, evaluation, design, construct, supervise, manage and maintain. Its professional development has worked for over a hundred years, but it is still a newly risen business in Taiwan. Thus, our goal is to develop landscape specialists to meet the needs of social trends, improve the present quality of the environment in Taiwan and solve various substantial problems in Taiwan.
2. “Landscape” is a professional domain that combines academic and practical
training. Thus, we have the following features:
(1) Foster diversified, specialized education
Landscape architecture is a newly risen domain whose teaching missions focus on the inter-relation of human and the environment, ecology, and landscape resources. Also we want to make students understand the limit of the space, environment, and the give them training so they can have the ability and potential to make the best planning. Therefore, the final goal lies in the consideration of the eternal good of all mankind and balance of the ecology. Relevant courses three fields include environmental science, environmental art, humanities.(ecology, soil, geology, hydrology, animals, plants, behavior studies, aesthetics, the history of landscape…ect.) Courses training which base on these studies comprise core classes such as environment planning, landscape design, landscape engineering, horticulture design, green planning and landscape practice…ect.
(2) Enhance the culture of landscape education
Landscape architecture is a profession that applies the theory of science, art to the research, planning, design and management of natural or artificial environment. The creators who are in this profession—the architecture designers, must put their originality and skills in use, also add other scientific, cultural, and policy knowledge to handle natural and artificial elements of the environment, and arrange them orderly. The outcome must make all the users feel useful, beautiful, safe, and provide pleasant, joyful atmosphere.
(3) Cultivate the knowledge and techniques of professional landscape practice
In order to attain the goals of landscape conservation, moderate development , proper beautify and intensify, the professional landscape architecture practice include:
a. Investigate, choose and confirm the viability and the proper use of environment resources.
b. Regulate, study, design the standards of construction.
c. Make the outline plans for evaluation, analysis for the land development.
d. Study the overall base plans, soil preparation of the landscape engineering and the drainage system.
e. Coordinate the construction of roads, bridges and civil engineers. Under the principles of balance of beauty and function, make these land engineering meet the needs.
f. Coordinate and enforce land development, use project.
g. Undertake the supervision, ratification of the construction, conservation or management maintain of the base.
(4) Expand the scale of environment design, and give students training of overall thinking ability. In terms of the nature of landscape profession, its space order has a wide range:
a. garden, community, park and green
b. interior design
c. open space system
d. urban landscape, urban space
e. the environment design, evaluation of recreational area, scenic spot, a wide field, natural resources, and regional land….ect.
(5) Implement professional landscape ethics and vocational education:
Landscape profession is an integrated service industry. It involves the cooperation and coordination between different professions, and it is closely relevant to public engineering, environment construction. Future courses will put its emphasis on the ethics and vocational moral education as well as elevate students' landscape ideology and their cognition of responsibility of the society.
IV. Current Development
Due to the current environmental condition and the consideration of the need of the professional market as a whole in Taiwan, there is tremendous need for the experts with substantial basis in the field of environmental design, among whom savants with special proficiency in city landscape, leisure recreation, community development, public green land, and the design of open space system are mostly desired.
So, the current teaching guideline of the department of landscape takes environmental design as the core. With intersecting courses, students may, on the basis of environmental resources, be trained to attain the ability in doing research in, analyzing, designing, and integrating fields with different functions, spatial sequences, and goals. Under the instruction of professional teachers, students will be instilled with both knowledge and skills, with some further instructions in lifetime education.
To fit the policy of the general courses in schools, the emphasis of curriculum design of the department of landscape is laid, in the first school year, on basic science, environmental lifestyle, painting skills, and the construction and inspiration of some basic ideas. In the second school year, the emphasis is put, in addition to some basic training on thinking and designing, on learning every single environmental resources and landscape units. In the third school year, we emphasize on the application and training of environmental designing method, which means that students will be taught to make analysis, induction, evaluation, and integration logically. Also, the variation of spatial measurement will be incorporated to enhance students' ability in handling the need of multiple functions and different goals, as well as the relationship between human beings and the environment. In the fourth school year, students are particularly asked to integrate their professional knowledge and skills, to manage environmental resources, and, for the coming graduates, to have a clear and correct understanding of their specialized career.
Graduates from the department of landscape may have multiple channels through their careers and chances for further researches. In the previous years, several graduates went abroad to the United States, the United Kingdom, and Japan for further studies. After they got their master or doctoral degrees, they came back to their own schools to teach, or to have their own businesses. In the recent years, due to the increasing establishment of related graduate schools in Taiwan and the growing number of researches, graduates from the department may enter some privately-owned company of designing and counseling, or construction companies. In addition, several have their carriers in the related department and research development organizations in either central or local government. In this way, they may have great contribution to the spreading of their professional ideas and the promotion of the quality of the national environment.
V. Future Prospect
The landscape department is the earliest established department internally, which specializes in professional landscape courses, and in these years, the landscape department has made great efforts to prepare the graduate school. Besides actively employing excellent teachers for enhancing our faculty, to expand the professional influences and advance the department's reputations, the present full-time and associate/ part-time teachers devote themselves to participate miscellaneous governmental and nongovernmental services and research projects. With the great support from the school and board chair, the graduate school has been formally established in the 91 st academic year, and focusing the teaching point and academic feature on the practical integrating ability and landscape ecological study, in the future, we can not only offer a valid channel for a professional education from the college to the graduate school, but also strive for making the greatest contribution to improve the national substantial environment via the strength of our academic organization. Our developing goals are listed below:
(I) The integration of campus participant environmental program
Famous universities abroad like Harvard University and UC Berkeley both have established the environmental design college, and our school is the first internal university, which has set up an environmental design college. The purposes of the establishment are for following this period's trends and advancing the environmental qualities, and the landscape department even takes part in our school's various campus projects, such as the renewal of our school's Bai-Hua Pond Public Square, the newly establishment of Dai-En-Guan Educational and Administrative Building, the constructing project of the founder's memorial library, and etc. The establishment of the graduate school will confirm the foundation of the professional participant campus development.
(II) The cultivation for the landscape's professional education
The landscape department will follow the international and internal trends to establish a permanent development and environmental research center, and we will lead a prospective study and set up a combination between school education and social artery.
(III.) To assist in the extension education and to be the foundation for the on-job educational disciplines
To train the perfect researchers for professional landscape education and to increase the faculties for the extension education and educational credits' classes in order to help our school's extension education's carrying out and to confirm the foundation for on-job educational disciplines.
(IV) To enforce the professional academic communication with international sister-schools
Our school has 43 sister schools, each of which has their landscape, and relative environmental arrangement departments and graduate schools. Our department will enforce the teacher-student communication among the sister schools and establish an international cooperative project via them.
VI . The epochal mission
The 21 st century is the environmental century that none of each nation's government does not energetically devote to miscellaneous natural ecological environmental protections and various works for improving the life condition in order to seek for the permanent development for the whole environment of a nation. The professional disciplines of the landscape education are closely linked with the environmental qualities; in other words, the 21 st century is the best time for the professions to contribute their learning, and no matter the ecological environmental protection, the improvement for living condition or the transformation of the environment of production could be the stage for the landscape's displaying.
The landscape department and graduate school will follow the epochal pulsation, and via the cooperation and interchange with the advanced nations' governments and international top-great schools, on the one hand, we will cultivate a more macroscopic international landscape view, and on the other hand, we will enforce the protection and acknowledgement on the national native ecological cultural landscape in order to establish the omni-directional thinking ability and professional skill for a “landscape-man.”
VII . Research Environment and Facilities
In our Department, both theory and practice are equally emphasized in the teaching curriculum. Our professional plan and operational design will cultivate students' professional abilities. Currently, we have a classroom with 120 painting tables for professional painting. Besides, two classrooms for evaluating paintings, computer classrooms (20 computers), research rooms for environment management, multimedia facilities (slide projectors, projectors, and video tape recording machines), library (approximately 4,000 volumes concerning landscape), professional landscape studios (darkrooms, machines for making a blueprint and machines for photocopying), environment research on field working facilities (soil analysis apparatus and instruments for measurement) are all included in our Department. These days, we are undertaking computer management on designing information teaching and strengthening computer-assisted design facilities (LandCADD and AutoCAD). Each professional facility will be greatly improved in order to accompany the integration and development of the college of Environment Design in the future.
V III . Relevant Regulations
A. There are two scholarships for our Department:
a. Mr. Liu Jing-han's Scholarship for Environment Management and Design
b. Environment Design College Scholarship
B. Ways for entrance
a. Joint College Entrance Examination (45 students will be selected.)
b. Recommendation Screening Examination Program (accept 20 freshmen): It is conducted by College Entrance Examination Center.
c. Entrance without examination for qualified students of vocational high schools (accept 9 freshmen)
d. Students can obtain academic degrees. (including required credits for graduation): one hundred and forty-two credits
IX . Employment and Prospect
A. The main ways for further study:
a. Study in our country (a domestic place): Graduate Institute of Landscape Architecture, Graduate Institute of Department of Horticulture, Graduate Institute of Building and Planning, Graduate Institute of Urban Planning, Graduate Institute of Tourism, Graduate Institute of Natural Resource, Graduate Institute of Environment Education, etc.
b. Study abroad: Graduate Institute of Landscape Architecture, Graduate
Institute of Urban Planning, Graduate Institute of Regional Planning, Graduate Institute of Park and Recreation, Graduate Institute of Environment Design, etc.
B. Ways for jobs:
a. Private Service for planning and design: Consulting Company for
Engineering, Architect Office, Landscape Architecture Planning Company, Construction Company, Nursery or Horticulture Company as a Landscape Architect or Landscape Designer
b. Service at government organizations: Construction and Planning
Administration, Minister of Interior, National Park Administration, Tourism Bureau, Ministry of Transportation and Communications or Landscape Administration for Specific Areas, Urban Planning Administration at each County or City Government, Works Bureau, Department of Economic Development, Park Administration, etc.
c. Relevant jobs and research development: Landscape Construction,
Product Development for Landscape Facilities, Trade of Landscape Materials, Recreational Development, Conservation, Research Development on Environment Education, etc.
X . Research Development and Social Participation
According to the claim of equal focus on academic research and practice in our Department, students are encouraged to have practical trainings at relevant public or private professional organizations during their summer vacation. We are actively involved in developing research policy, community construction, and enacting laws with relevant public organizations. Besides, conferences will be frequently held. Exhibition for Department will be held every year; exhibition for College will be held every two years.
XI . The Status of Interdisciplinary Curriculum Planning
(A) Professional Landscape Design:
Emphasize on the development of integration, supervision, practice, and creativity in the future.
Basic Curriculum for Development of the Ability
Dept. Landscape Architecture on Landscape Design
Landscape Design Sciences Computer-assisted
Landscape Planning Arts Designing
Corresponding Curriculum from Related Departments:
-- Departments of Architecture, Tourism, and Forestry
-- Departments of Psychology, Horticulture, Information Sciences, and Advertisement
(B) Landscape Planning Research:
Emphasize on the landscape designing, research and development, theory construction and verification, and the education and training on practical planning and applicative method development in the future..
Basic Curriculum for Matching Curriculum
Dept. Landscape Architecture on Theory and Method
Landscape Design Sciences Computer-assisted
Landscape Planning Applicative Statistics Planning Research
Environmental Planning Landscape Ecology GIS
-- Departments of Urban Affairs and Natural Resources
-- Departments of Architecture, Forestry, and Tourism
-- Departments of Geography and Information Sciences
(C) Landscape Construction & Management
Emphasize on the Practical Designing, Monitoring and Management of Construction in the future.
Basic Curriculum for Matching Curriculum
Dept. Landscape Architecture on Practice Affairs
Landscape Design Nursery-garden Execution Management
Introduction on Landscape Architectural Engineering Construction Project
Constructional Engineering Management
Interior Landscape Engineering
Corresponding Curriculum from Related Departments:
-- Departments of Horticulture and Civil Engineering
-- Departments of Architecture and Forestry
-- Departments of Business and Law
The Graduate Institute of Landscape Architecture
The landscape professional is an applied science which combines humanistic arts and scientific technology. It covers ecological conservation and protection, environmental protection, and creation of a better living environment. It aims to improve public living space and the degree it offers is a “Professional Degree.” Therefore, the training in the Graduate Institute of Landscape Architecture is an extension of college education and goes further in independent thinking, prospective skills of organization and design, as well as integrative method applications.
Two important developmental directions of our institute are as follow:
1. Balance between Theory and Practice
The training of basic theories and interaction in environmental resource system organization and landscape resource planning management is included to meet the needs of practical professions and landscape research development.
(1) develop people in the studies of landscape ecological system
(2) develop people who can organize and manage landscape resources
(3) develop people in the studies in the theory of landscape restoration and applied techniques
(4) develop people who know the theory and practice of the plan of greenized parks
Besides, prospective lasting environmental design methods and techniques are the purpose of training, based on the landscape ecology theory.
1. develop people who knows the theory and technique application of landscape ecology engineering
2. develop people who can design a city and open space
3. develop people who can design green spaces in parks
4. develop people who can design public engineering landscape environment
2. Balance between Native and International
< Native Research Development
(1) Establish native methodology for landscape and environmental planning
a. Through the practical research on planning and design, establish the executive methods and models matching the native environmental characteristics.
b. Carry our long-term field investigation and planning research, establish the landscape designing methods and techniques matching the native environmental characteristics.
(2) Establish native landscape space categorization system and resources database
a. Through long-term practical investigation on landscape space, establish the structure and model of landscape space categorization matching the native natural and cultural characteristics.
b. Through the planning of practical verification and the filing of basic landscape resources, establish the constructional structure of native landscape resource database.
(3) Establish the methods and techniques for native landscape resource restoration
a. Through practical research and analytical experiments, design the landscape restoring method matching the native space and ecological characteristics.
b. Through modern computer and informational tools, design the assessment method that is suitable for the native landscape resource restoration.
< International Academic Cooperation
1. Establish international cooperative program on professional landscape education
a. Establish exchange program between faculty and students of our department and related department, research institutes of our sister universities.
b. Establish cross-nation academic exchange and international integrative and cooperative planning program between our institute and foreign landscape institutes.
c. Invite famous professional landscape designers or professors to come to our professional studio as visiting scholar and join our practical training activities.
2. Promoting the integrative project on landscape designing of the Asian Pacific region
a. Emphasize the integration and investigation of landscape resources in the Pan-Pacific area and regional research
b. Emphasize the promotion of multinational research exchange program so that the faculty and students of our department can exchange with members of landscape department in well-known universities all over the world.
c. Provide exchange opportunities and professional assessment with the World Landscape Designing Association, the American Landscape Architecture Association, the American Landscape Education Committee.
3. Promoting the summer curriculum of international landscape designing and planning
a. Establish the practical interaction of summer school on international landscape design
b. Establish the multidimentional intern-ship project for international exchange students